People who are considered obese are those people who exceed the ideal weight for their age and height, ie it occurs when there is excess fat (adipose tissue) in the body.
In this article I will tell you what are the causes of childhood obesity, because there are many. The most important are:
- Obesity can be transmitted from parents to children
- Low socio-economic level. People should avoid processed foods, even if they are cheaper than real foods, such as vegetables and fruits. This means that low-income families are more tempted to spend less on some products than others.
- Living in an obese environment, such as urban environments (more accessibility and consumption of processed foods, sugar, etc.). Parents can reinforce bad habits, such as overeating and a sedentary lifestyle.
- Ethnic origin.
- Children should avoid excess fat before they are 5 years old
- High birth weight.
- Early pubertal maturation.
- Genetic origin. People need to know that genetic factors can involve a single gene or even more. Among the obesity-related genes, it is necessary to highlight the FTO and MC4R genes. The rs9939609 polymorphism of the FTO gene is related to a higher body mass index, waist circumference or levels of insulin, triglycerides and adiponectin. A relationship was also found between variations in this gene and eating habits, such as frequency of consumption, intake, feeling hungry or satiated. Similarly, variations in the MC4R gene are related to feeding behavior that promotes the development of this disease.
- Microbiota. Researchers have shown in some studies that, depending on the type and amount of species that live and change in our gut, could indicate a higher risk of long-term obesity or not.
- Everyone’s lifestyle is very important, because physical inactivity leads to a sedentary lifestyle predominates in today’s modern society, as opposed to the past.
- Sleep is very important, that’s why people need to sleep 8 hours a night
- Nutrition is just as important as exercise, as eating high-fat, low-fiber foods, as well as eating too fast, compulsively, overeating or snacking between meals
- Inadequate intake: is defined as passive excessive consumption as the tendency to consume more energy than necessary, as well as increasing the size of portions.