Cardiac vessels are affected by valvulopathies. These are a number of diseases that endanger people’s health. It has two on each side, although the ones that usually suffer the most damage are the ones on the left, called the mitral and aortic.
The role of valves is to prevent blood from flowing in the opposite direction as it passes through the heart.
The most common causes of valve disease are:
- Valve stenosis is manifested by the narrowing of the valves. By narrowing them, the blood flow will be insufficient.
- Endocarditis is defined as inflammation inside the chambers and valves of the heart causing irreversible damage.
- Valve insufficiency. This is another cause of valve disease. It appears with the age of the valves that strengthen, losing the flexibility, so that they do not close properly.
- Congenital valve disease: it is a valve defect due to incorrect valve formation during pregnancy.
As I mentioned above, valve deficiencies are limited to anecdotal symptoms, such as heart murmur, while in some cases they are a sample of some of the most serious pathologies of the valve.
Symptoms of valve disease are:
- Chronic fatigue
- Exposure to physical exertion will be difficult, including walking.
- Some people suffer from chest pain
- Heart rhythm irregularities.
- Breathing will become shorter